A
ATE Insurance
After The Event insurance. This insurance is taken out to cover some or all of the potential costs liabilities in those proceedings. It is most commonly used when a case is lost.
Adjournment
An adjournment is a postponement of a hearing of a case until a later date.
Admission
An admission is where one party admits the truth about all or part of the other party’s case. The admission can come at any stage during the case.
Advocate
A term used to describe a barrister or solicitor representing a party in a case.
Appeal
An application to the higher Court or other body for review of a decision taken by a lower Court or Tribunal.
Appellant
An Appellant is a person who appeals to a higher court against the decision made in a lower Court.
Application
The act of applying to a civil court to ask it to do something in regards to your case.
B
Breach
Breaking an agreed contract.
C
Claimant
A person, firm, or company making a claim by bringing a case to court.
 Contract
A contract is an agreement for e.g. to supply goods or perform work at a stated price. Contrary to popular belief, the agreement does not need to be in writing.
Costs
This relates to any costs incurred in legal proceedings, such as: Fees, charges, disbursements, expenses, and remuneration.
 Counsel
A barrister.
 Counterclaim
A claim made to offset a previous claim in a court case.
 County Court
The County Court is where smaller cases such as disputes over contracts, unpaid debts, and negligence claims are dealt with.
 Creditor
A person or company to whom money is owed by a debtor.
D
Damages
Payment of compensation claimed or awarded for loss or injury.
 Debtor
A person who owes money to someone or to an organization. The counterparty is known as the Creditor
Defendant
A person, firm, or company against whom a criminal or civil action has been brought.
Disbursements
Disbursements are costs your solicitors are required to pay to third parties such as an expert, Court fees or Counsel's fees, etc.
District Judge
A Judge of the County Court.
F
Fixed Costs
Costs involved in civil cases that are set at a certain level. In certain circumstances, these can be claimed.
I
Injunction
An injunction is a writ granted by the Court whereby one party is required to do or refrain  from a specific act and which requires the person to follow a course of action mandated by the courts.
L
Lawyer
A legal professional whose job is to give legal advice or represent their client in court regarding a case. In the UK, Barrister’s represent clients in higher Courts whereas most solicitors are restricted to represent their clients in the lower courts such as a County Court.
Litigation
The process of settling a dispute through the Court system.
M
Mediation
A structured and voluntary private dispute resolution process in which a neutral person known as a Mediator helps the conflicting parties to reach a negotiated settlement.
N
Negligence
A lack of attention or care.
P
Pre Action Protocol
These are steps the courts expect the disputing parties to follow before starting legal action.
R
Respondent
The defending party in an appeal.
S
Settlement
A formal agreement resolving a dispute between the parties whether before or during a Court case.
Small claims court
The County Court when dealing with a case the value of which is £10,000 or less.
Statement of costs
Schedule of a party’s costs in litigation.
Supreme Court
The highest Court in the UK. It was formerly known as the House of Lords.
W
Without prejudice
The without prejudice rule prevent statements made in a genuine attempt to settle an existing dispute, whether made in writing or orally, from being put before the court as evidence of admissions against the interest of the party which made them.